ESTIMATOR

Aptitude/Achievement Discrepancy Tools
for Making Learning Disabilities Qualification Decisions

BUILT FOR
SPECIAL EDUCATORS & PSYCHOLOGISTS


Estimator was developed to make identifying severe discrepancies easy. The software uses a modified formula recommended by the U.S. Office of Special Education, Special Education Programs Workgroup on Measurement Issues. No need to spend hours searching test manuals for the information. The calculations are made quickly and accurately avoiding the possibility of mistakes made by hand.

Evaluators are provided the widest possible options for choosing the assessments most appropriate for individual students.

  • 105+ Tests Supported - Updated Frequently
  • Accurate Discrepancy Calculations - Save time and eliminate errors
  • Expert Review and Input - Calculation developed and updated by a committee of industry experts

ASSESS WITH CONFIDENCE
REPORTS FOR EVALUATORS AND PARENTS


Estimator uses a modification of a discrepancy calculation formula recommend by the U.S. Office of Special Education, Special Education Programs Workgroup on Measurement Issues in the Assessment of Learning Disabilities to calculate the probability that the difference in aptitude and achievement scores entered represents a severe discrepancy.

After making the calculations the tool generates a report describing the student, the aptitude and achievement assessments administered, and the probability that the student exhibits a severe discrepancy. This provides valuable documentation for a learning disability qualification decision. A separate parent report can be generated that presents the assessment and discrepancy information in a format easy for parents to understand.

ABOUT THE ESTIMATOR CAlCULATION


The Estimator software program was developed to make it easy for special educators to use the formula. Users enter demographic information on the student tested, the names of the aptitude and achievement tests administered, and the tests scores. The program uses the formula to calculate aptitude/achievement discrepancy and determine if the discrepancy is severe. It then generates three reports, (1) a Summary of Discrepancy Information, summarizing demographic and test data for the student and making statements as to whether the test data indicate a severe discrepancy between aptitude and achievement, (2) an Explanation of Percent Confidence, explaining how the program arrived at the level of confidence it did that the test data indicate a severe discrepancy, and (3) an Estimator Formula Intermediate Values report, a technical report showing the values entered for all terms in the formula as well as values for intermediate steps in the calculation. Calculation available for review upon request.

ESTIMATOR SUPPORTED TEST LISTS


The table below shows the tests and scores in the database that are supported by the estimator calculation, organized by score area. After selecting an area, click on the test name to view the scores supported for that test.

Filter Tests by Age

Test Areas

Error in include template "/web/sites/estimator/packages/estimator-formula/lib/reviewed-tests": No script or template found for page '/web/sites/estimator/packages/estimator-formula/lib/reviewed-tests'
  1. Basic Battery Full Scale PASS Scale Standard Score Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 17yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Basic Battery Simultaneous PASS Scale Standard Score Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 17yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  3. Basic Battery Successive PASS Scale Standard Score Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 17yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  4. Standard Battery Full Scale PASS Scale Standard Score Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 17yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  5. Standard Battery Simultaneous PASS Scale Standard Score Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 17yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  6. Standard Battery Successive PASS Scale Standard Score Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 17yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Core Battery PASS Composite Index Score - Full Scale Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 12yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Extended Battery PASS Composite Index Score - Full Scale Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 12yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  3. Extended Battery PASS Composite Index Score - Planning Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 12yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  4. Extended Battery PASS Composite Index Score - Simultaneous Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 12yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  5. Extended Battery PASS Composite Index Score - Successive Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 12yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Nonverbal Intelligence Quotient (NIQ) Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 18yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Full Scale Composite Index Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 18yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Attention-Enhanced Quotient Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 17yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Attention-Reduced Quotient Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 17yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  3. General Mental Ability Quotient Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 17yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  4. Nonverbal Quotient Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 17yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  5. Verbal Quotient Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 17yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. General Conceptual Ability (GCA) Age range: 3yrs 0mos - 17yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Special Nonverbal Composite (SNC) Age range: 3yrs 6mos - 17yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Fluid-Crystallized Index (FCI) Age range: 3yrs 0mos - 18yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Mental Processing Index (MPI) Age range: 3yrs 0mos - 18yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  3. Nonverbal Index (NVI) Age range: 3yrs 0mos - 18yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Full Scale IQ score Age range: 3yrs 0mos - 11yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Nonverbal IQ/Composite Score Age range: 3yrs 0mos - 12yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Standard Score Age range: 6yrs 4mos - 16yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Pictorial Intelligence Quotient Standard Score (PIQ) Age range: 3yrs 0mos - 8yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Nonverbal Index Age range: 4yrs 0mos - 9yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Composite Intelligence Index (CIX) Age range: 3yrs 0mos - 10yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Nonverbal Intelligence Index (NIX) Age range: 3yrs 0mos - 10yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  3. Verbal Intelligence Index (VIX) Age range: 3yrs 0mos - 10yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Full Scale IQ (FSIQ) Age range: 3yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Nonverbal IQ (NVIQ) Age range: 3yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  3. Verbal IQ (VIQ) Age range: 3yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Full Scale IQ (FSIQ) Age range: 3yrs 0mos - 5yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Nonverbal IQ (NVIQ) Age range: 3yrs 0mos - 5yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  3. Verbal IQ (VIQ) Age range: 3yrs 0mos - 5yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Index Score - Form A Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 18yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Index Score - Form B Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 18yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Quotient - Form A Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 18yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Quotient - Form B Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 18yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Extended Battery Full Scale IQ Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 17yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Standard Battery Full Scale IQ Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 17yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Full Scale Battery Index Score Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 17yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Standard Battery W/ Memory Index Score Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 17yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  3. Standard Battery W/O Memory Index Score Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 17yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Full Scale Composite Score Age range: 16yrs 0mos - 24yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. General Ability Index (GAI) Age range: 16yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  3. Perceptual Reasoning Composite Score Age range: 16yrs 0mos - 24yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  4. Verbal Comprehension Composite Score Age range: 16yrs 0mos - 24yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Full Scale IQ Age range: 16yrs 0mos - 24yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Perceptual Organization Index Age range: 16yrs 0mos - 24yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  3. Performance IQ Age range: 16yrs 0mos - 24yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  4. Verbal Comprehension Index Age range: 16yrs 0mos - 24yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  5. Verbal IQ Age range: 16yrs 0mos - 24yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Fluid Reasoning Index (FRI) Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 17yrs 0mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Full Scale IQ (FSIQ) Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 17yrs 0mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  3. General Ability Index (GAI) Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 17yrs 0mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  4. Nonverbal Index (NVI) Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 17yrs 0mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  5. Verbal Comprehension Index (VCI) Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 17yrs 0mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  6. Visual Spatial Index (VSI) Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 17yrs 0mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Full Scale Composite Score (FSIQ) Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 16yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. General Ability Index (GAI) Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 16yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  3. Perceptual Reasoning Composite Score (PRI) Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 16yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  4. Verbal Comprehension Composite Score (VCI) Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 16yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Full Scale Composite Score (FSIQ) Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 16yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Perceptual Reasoning Composite Score (PRI) Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 16yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  3. Verbal Comprehension Composite Score (VCI) Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 16yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Full Scale Score - based on 4 subtests Age range: 4yrs 0mos - 21yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Full Scale IQ (FSIQ) Age range: 4yrs 0mos - 7yrs 3mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Performance IQ (PIQ) Age range: 4yrs 0mos - 7yrs 3mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  3. Verbal IQ (VIQ) Age range: 4yrs 0mos - 7yrs 3mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Fluid Reasoning Index (FRI) Age range: 4yrs 0mos - 7yrs 7mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Full Scale IQ (FSIQ) Age range: 3yrs 0mos - 7yrs 7mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  3. General Ability Index (GAI) Age range: 3yrs 0mos - 7yrs 7mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  4. Nonverbal Index (NVI) Age range: 3yrs 0mos - 7yrs 7mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  5. Verbal Comprehension Index (VCI) Age range: 3yrs 0mos - 7yrs 7mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  6. Visual Spatial Index (VSI) Age range: 3yrs 0mos - 7yrs 7mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. General Intellectual Ability (GIA) Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 29yrs 0mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Broad Cognitive Ability - Low Verbal (BCA-LV) Age range: 4yrs 0mos - 19yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. General Intellectual Ability - Early Development (GIA-EDev) Age range: 3yrs 0mos - 19yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. General Intellectual Ability - Ext Standard Score (GIA-Ext) Age range: 4yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. General Intellectual Ability - Std Standard Score (GIA-Std) Age range: 4yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. General Intellectual Ability - Ext Standard Score (GIA-Ext) Age range: 4yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. General Intellectual Ability - Std Standard Score (GIA-Std) Age range: 4yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. GIA-Early Development Age range: 2yrs 0mos - 10yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Phonological Awareness Composite Score - Ages 5:0 - 6:11 Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 6yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Phonological Awareness Composite Score - Ages 7:0 - 13:11 Age range: 7yrs 0mos - 13yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Alt. Phonological Awareness Composite Score Age range: 7yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Phonological Awareness Composite Score Age range: 4yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Alphabet/Phonics/Word Identification (APW) Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 14yrs 11mos, Mean: 10, Std: 3
  1. Alphabet / Word Knowledge Standard Score Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 14yrs 11mos, Mean: 10, Std: 3
  1. Early Reading Index (ERI) Age range: 4yrs 0mos - 7yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Decoding Ability Score Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 13yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Accuracy Standard Score - Form A Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 10, Std: 3
  2. Accuracy Standard Score - Form B Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 10, Std: 3
  1. Fluency Standard Score - Form A Age range: 7yrs 0mos - 17yrs 11mos, Mean: 10, Std: 3
  2. Fluency Standard Score - Form B Age range: 7yrs 0mos - 17yrs 11mos, Mean: 10, Std: 3
  1. Decoding Standard Score - Form A Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 18yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Decoding Standard Score - Form B Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 18yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  3. Sound-symbol Standard Score - Form A Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 12yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  4. Sound-symbol Standard Score - Form B Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 12yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Decoding - Form A Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 23yrs 0mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Decoding - Form B Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 23yrs 0mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  3. Sound Symbol - Form A Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 23yrs 0mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  4. Sound Symbol - Form B Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 23yrs 0mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Reading Recognition Standard Score Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 15yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Word Recognition Accuracy (WRA) Subtest Standard Score - Form A Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 11yrs 11mos, Mean: 10, Std: 3
  2. Word Recognition Accuracy (WRA) Subtest Standard Score - Form B Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 11yrs 11mos, Mean: 10, Std: 3
  1. Phonologic Index Age range: 4yrs 0mos - 9yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Phonologic Index Standard Score Age range: 7yrs 0mos - 10yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Alphabet Subtest Scaled Score Form A Age range: 4yrs 0mos - 8yrs 11mos, Mean: 10, Std: 3
  2. Alphabet Subtest Scaled Score Form B Age range: 4yrs 0mos - 8yrs 11mos, Mean: 10, Std: 3
  3. Conventions Subtest Scaled Score Form A Age range: 4yrs 0mos - 8yrs 11mos, Mean: 10, Std: 3
  4. Conventions Subtest Scaled Score Form B Age range: 4yrs 0mos - 8yrs 11mos, Mean: 10, Std: 3
  1. Alphabet Standard Score Age range: 4yrs 0mos - 8yrs 6mos, Mean: 10, Std: 3
  1. Composite Ability Score Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 10yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Phonological Awareness Ability Score Age range: 4yrs 0mos - 10yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Early Elementary Letter Sounds Standard Score Ability Score Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 8yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Early Elementary Phonological Awareness Standard Score Ability Score Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 7yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  3. Kindergarten Letter Sounds Standard Score Ability Score Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 6yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  4. Kindergarten Phonological Awareness Standard Score Ability Score Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 6yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Phonological Awareness Standard Score Age range: 3yrs 0mos - 5yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Word Reading Standard Score Age range: 4yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Basic Reading Composite Standard Score Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 19yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Early Reading Skills Standard Score (ERS) Age range: 4yrs 0mos - 9yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  3. Oral Reading Accuracy Standard Score Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 19yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Phonetic Coding - Form A Age range: 3yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Phonetic Coding - Form B Age range: 3yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  3. Phonetic Coding - Form C Age range: 3yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Basic Reading Skills - Form A Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 23yrs 0mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Basic Reading Skills - Form B Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 23yrs 0mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  3. Basic Reading Skills - Form C Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 23yrs 0mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Basic Skills Cluster Standard Score - Form A Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 25yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Basic Skills Cluster Standard Score - Form B Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 25yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  3. Phonological Awareness Test Standard Score - Form A Age range: 4yrs 6mos - 7yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  4. Phonological Awareness Test Standard Score - Form B Age range: 4yrs 6mos - 7yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Basic Skills Cluster Standard Score - Form G Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 24yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Basic Skills Cluster Standard Score - Form H Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 24yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Basic Reading Skills Standard Score - Form A Age range: 4yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Basic Reading Skills Standard Score - Form B Age range: 4yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Basic Reading Skills Standard Score - Form A Age range: 4yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Basic Reading Skills Standard Score - Form B Age range: 4yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. School Readiness Composite Age range: 3yrs 0mos - 6yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Total Test Standard Score Age range: 3yrs 0mos - 7yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Receptive TC Composite Score Age range: 3yrs 0mos - 6yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Receptive Language (Index) Standard Score Age range: 3yrs 0mos - 6yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Language Content Index (LCI) Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 23yrs 0mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Receptive Language Index (RLI) Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 23yrs 0mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Receptive Language Standard Score Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 16yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Receptive Language (Puntaje del Lenguaje Receptivo) Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 12yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Receptive Language (Puntaje del Lenguaje Receptivo) Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 13yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Receptive Language Index (RLI) Age range: 3yrs 0mos - 12yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Receptive Vocabulary Standard Score - Form A Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 12yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Receptive Vocabulary Standard Score - Form B Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 12yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Receptive Vocabulary Index Score - Form A/Form B Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 12yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Phonological Awareness Composite Score - Ages 5:0 - 6:11 Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 6yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Phonological Awareness Composite Score - Ages 7:0 - 13:11 Age range: 7yrs 0mos - 13yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Listening Composite Quotient Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 14yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Listening Comprehension Standard Score - Form A Age range: 4yrs 6mos - 18yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Listening Comprehension Standard Score - Form B Age range: 4yrs 6mos - 18yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Listening Comprehension (LC) - Form A Age range: 4yrs 0mos - 23yrs 0mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Listening Comprehension (LC) - Form B Age range: 4yrs 0mos - 23yrs 0mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Receptive Standard Score Age range: 3yrs 0mos - 11yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Standard Score Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 12yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Listening Comprehension Standard Score Age range: 3yrs 0mos - 18yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Listening Comprehension Age Standard Score - Form A Age range: 3yrs 0mos - 13yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Listening Comprehension Age Standard Score - Form B Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 13yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Standard Score - Form IV A Age range: 3yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Standard Score - Form IV B Age range: 3yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Auditory Comprehension Standard Score Age range: 3yrs 0mos - 7yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Auditory Comprehension Standard Score Age range: 3yrs 0mos - 7yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Auditory Comprehension Standard Score Age range: 3yrs 0mos - 5yrs 5mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Auditory Comprehension Standard Score Age range: 3yrs 0mos - 5yrs 5mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Standard Score Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 18yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Standard Score Age range: 3yrs 0mos - 19yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Receptive Language Core Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 12yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Receptive Language Index Age range: 3yrs 0mos - 12yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Listening Quotient Age range: 12yrs 0mos - 24yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. TACL-3 Quotient Age range: 3yrs 0mos - 9yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Cohesion Index Standard Score Age range: 7yrs 0mos - 10yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Receptive Language Quotient - Form A Age range: 3yrs 0mos - 6yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Receptive Language Quotient - Form B Age range: 3yrs 0mos - 6yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Receptive Language Standard Score Age range: 2yrs 0mos - 7yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Listening Composite Index Score Age range: 8yrs 0mos - 15yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Listening Quotient (LiQ) Age range: 8yrs 0mos - 12yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Listening Composite Index Score Age range: 4yrs 0mos - 8yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Listening Quotient (LiQ) Age range: 4yrs 0mos - 8yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Composite Ability Score Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 10yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. VAS-R Standard Score Age Norms Form A Age range: 2yrs 6mos - 14yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. VAS-R Standard Score Age Norms Form B Age range: 2yrs 6mos - 14yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Listening Comprehension Standard Score (LC) Age range: 4yrs 0mos - 15yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Listening Comprehension - Form A Age range: 3yrs 0mos - 23yrs 0mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Listening Comprehension - Form B Age range: 3yrs 0mos - 23yrs 0mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  3. Listening Comprehension - Form C Age range: 3yrs 0mos - 23yrs 0mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Listening Comprehension Test Standard Score - Form A Age range: 8yrs 0mos - 18yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Listening Comprehension Test Standard Score - Form B Age range: 8yrs 0mos - 18yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Advanced Calculations Supplemental Composite Quotient Age range: 10yrs 0mos - 18yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Basic Calculations Core Composite Quotient Age range: 7yrs 0mos - 18yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Mathematics Calculation (MC) Scaled Score Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 14yrs 11mos, Mean: 10, Std: 3
  1. Math Computation Standard Score - Form A Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 18yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Math Computation Standard Score - Form B Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 18yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Math Computation (MC) - Form A Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 23yrs 0mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Math Computation (MC) - Form B Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 23yrs 0mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  3. Math Fluency (MF) - Form A Age range: 8yrs 0mos - 23yrs 0mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  4. Math Fluency (MF) - Form B Age range: 8yrs 0mos - 23yrs 0mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Basic Concepts Standard Score - Form A Age range: 4yrs 6mos - 21yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Basic Concepts Standard Score - Form B Age range: 4yrs 6mos - 21yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  3. Operations Standard Score - Form A Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 21yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  4. Operations Standard Score - Form B Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 21yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Operations Standard Score Age range: 7yrs 0mos - 15yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Numerical Operations Standard Score Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Math Fluency Composite Standard Score Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 19yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Numerical Operations Standard Score (NO) Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 19yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Calculation - Form A Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 23yrs 0mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Calculation - Form B Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 23yrs 0mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  3. Calculation - Form C Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 23yrs 0mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  4. Math Calculation Skills - Form A Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 23yrs 0mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  5. Math Calculation Skills - Form B Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 23yrs 0mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  6. Math Calculation Skills - Form C Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 23yrs 0mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Math Calculation Skills Standard Score - Form A Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Math Calculation Skills Standard Score - Form B Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Math Calculation Skills Standard Score - Form A Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Math Calculation Skills Standard Score - Form B Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Mathematical Reasoning Core Composite Quotient Age range: 7yrs 0mos - 18yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Practical Applications Supplemental Composite Quotient Age range: 7yrs 0mos - 18yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Math Reasoning Age range: 13yrs 0mos - 17yrs 11mos, Mean: 10, Std: 3
  1. Math Concepts & Applications Standard Score - Form A Age range: 4yrs 6mos - 18yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Math Concepts & Applications Standard Score - Form B Age range: 4yrs 6mos - 18yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Math Concepts and Applications (MCA) - Form A Age range: 4yrs 0mos - 23yrs 0mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Math Concepts and Applications (MCA) - Form B Age range: 4yrs 0mos - 23yrs 0mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Applications Standard Score - Form A Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 21yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Applications Standard Score - Form B Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 21yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Applications Standard Score Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 15yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Mathematics Standard Score Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 18yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Math Ability Standard Score - Form A Age range: 4yrs 0mos - 7yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Math Ability Standard Score - Form B Age range: 4yrs 0mos - 7yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Math Reasoning Standard Score Age range: 4yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Math Problem Solving Standard Score (MPS) Age range: 4yrs 0mos - 19yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Applied Problems - Form A Age range: 4yrs 0mos - 23yrs 0mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Applied Problems - Form B Age range: 4yrs 0mos - 23yrs 0mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  3. Applied Problems - Form C Age range: 4yrs 0mos - 23yrs 0mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  4. Math Problem Solving - Form A Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 23yrs 0mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  5. Math Problem Solving - Form B Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 23yrs 0mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  6. Math Problem Solving - Form C Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 23yrs 0mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Math Reasoning Standard Score - Form A Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Math Reasoning Standard Score - Form B Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Math Reasoning Standard Score - Form A Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Math Reasoning Standard Score - Form B Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Expressive TC Composite Score Age range: 3yrs 0mos - 6yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Expressive Language (Index) Standard Score Age range: 3yrs 0mos - 6yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Expressive Language Index (ELI) Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 23yrs 0mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Expressive Language Standard Score Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 16yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Expressive Language (Puntaje del Lenguaje Expresivo) Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 12yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Expressive Language (Puntaje del Lenguaje Expresivo) Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 13yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Expressive Standard Score Age range: 7yrs 0mos - 10yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Syntactic Standard Score Age range: 7yrs 0mos - 21yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Expressive Language Index (ELI) Age range: 3yrs 0mos - 12yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Expressive Vocabulary Index Score - Form A/Form B Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 12yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Speaking Composite Quotient Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 14yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Standard Score Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 18yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Expressive Standard Score Age range: 3yrs 0mos - 19yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Standard Score Age range: 3yrs 0mos - 24yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Standard Score - Form A Age range: 3yrs 0mos - 22yrs 0mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Standard Score - Form B Age range: 3yrs 0mos - 22yrs 0mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Spoken Language Composite Quotient Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 12yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Oral Expression Standard Score - Form A Age range: 4yrs 6mos - 18yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Oral Expression Standard Score - Form B Age range: 4yrs 6mos - 18yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Oral Expression (OE) - Form A Age range: 4yrs 0mos - 11yrs 0mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Oral Expression (OE) - Form B Age range: 4yrs 0mos - 11yrs 0mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Expressive Standard Score Age range: 3yrs 0mos - 10yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Oral Expression Standard Score Age range: 3yrs 0mos - 18yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Oral Expression Age Standard Score - Form A Age range: 3yrs 0mos - 13yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Oral Expression Age Standard Score - Form B Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 13yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Expressive Communication Standard Score Age range: 3yrs 0mos - 7yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Expressive Communication Standard Score Age range: 3yrs 0mos - 7yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Expressive Communication Standard Score Age range: 3yrs 0mos - 6yrs 5mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Expressive Communication Standard Score Age range: 3yrs 0mos - 5yrs 5mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Expressive Language Core Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 12yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Social Language Development Index Age range: 12yrs 0mos - 17yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Social Language Development Index Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 11yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Spoken Language Composite Index Age range: 12yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Speaking Quotient Age range: 12yrs 0mos - 24yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Expressive Language Quotient - Form A Age range: 3yrs 0mos - 6yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Expressive Language Quotient - Form B Age range: 3yrs 0mos - 6yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Expressive Language Standard Score Age range: 2yrs 0mos - 7yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Expressive Language Index Age range: 3yrs 0mos - 12yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Speaking Composite Index Score Age range: 8yrs 0mos - 15yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Spoken Language Quotient (SLQ) Age range: 8yrs 0mos - 12yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Speaking Composite Index Score Age range: 4yrs 0mos - 8yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Spoken Language Quotient (SLQ) Age range: 4yrs 0mos - 8yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Oral Narration Standard Score Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 11yrs 11mos, Mean: 10, Std: 3
  1. Word Finding Index (WFI) - Intermediate Form Age range: 8yrs 0mos - 12yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Word Finding Index (WFI) - Preprimary Form Age range: 4yrs 6mos - 6yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  3. Word Finding Index (WFI) - Primary Form Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 8yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Narrative Language Ability Index Age range: 4yrs 0mos - 11yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. VAS-E Standard Score Age Norms Form A Age range: 2yrs 6mos - 14yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. VAS-E Standard Score Age Norms Form B Age range: 2yrs 6mos - 14yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Oral Expression Standard Score Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 19yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Oral Expression Standard Score (OE) Age range: 4yrs 0mos - 19yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Oral Expression - Form A Age range: 3yrs 0mos - 23yrs 0mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Oral Expression - Form B Age range: 3yrs 0mos - 23yrs 0mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  3. Oral Expression - Form C Age range: 3yrs 0mos - 23yrs 0mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  4. Oral Language - Form A Age range: 3yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  5. Oral Language - Form B Age range: 3yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  6. Oral Language - Form C Age range: 3yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Oral Expression Standard Score - Form A Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Oral Expression Standard Score - Form B Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Oral Expression Standard Score - Form A Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Oral Expression Standard Score - Form B Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Expressie Language Cluster Age range: 2yrs 0mos - 10yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Reading Comprehension (RC) Age range: 8yrs 0mos - 23yrs 0mos, Mean: 10, Std: 3
  1. Reading Comprehension (RC) Scaled Score Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 10yrs 11mos, Mean: 10, Std: 3
  2. Reading Comprehension (RC) Scaled Score Age range: 12yrs 0mos - 12yrs 11mos, Mean: 10, Std: 3
  1. Reading Comprehension Standard Score Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 14yrs 11mos, Mean: 10, Std: 3
  1. Comprehension Ability Score Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 13yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Comprehension Standard Score - Form A Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 10, Std: 3
  2. Comprehension Standard Score - Form B Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 10, Std: 3
  1. Comprehension Standard Score - Form A Age range: 7yrs 0mos - 17yrs 11mos, Mean: 10, Std: 3
  2. Comprehension Standard Score - Form B Age range: 7yrs 0mos - 17yrs 11mos, Mean: 10, Std: 3
  1. Silent Reading Quotient (SRQ) - Form A Age range: 7yrs 0mos - 17yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Silent Reading Quotient (SRQ) - Form B Age range: 7yrs 0mos - 17yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Reading Comprehension Standard Score - Form A Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 18yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Reading Comprehension Standard Score - Form B Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 18yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Reading Comprehension (RC) - Form A Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 23yrs 0mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Reading Comprehension (RC) - Form B Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 23yrs 0mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  3. Reading Understanding - Form A Age range: 8yrs 0mos - 23yrs 0mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  4. Reading Understanding - Form B Age range: 8yrs 0mos - 23yrs 0mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Reading Comprehension Age Standard Score - Form A Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 13yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Reading Comprehension Age Standard Score - Form B Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 13yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Reading Comprehension Standard Score Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 18yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Comprehension Standard Score Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 10yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Passage Comprehension (PC) Subtest Standard Score - Form A Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 11yrs 11mos, Mean: 10, Std: 3
  2. Passage Comprehension (PC) Subtest Standard Score - Form B Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 11yrs 11mos, Mean: 10, Std: 3
  1. Meaning Subtest Scaled Score Form A Age range: 4yrs 0mos - 8yrs 11mos, Mean: 10, Std: 3
  2. Meaning Subtest Scaled Score Form B Age range: 4yrs 0mos - 8yrs 11mos, Mean: 10, Std: 3
  1. Meaning Standard Score Age range: 4yrs 0mos - 8yrs 6mos, Mean: 10, Std: 3
  1. Reading Comprehension Index Age range: 7yrs 0mos - 17yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Reading Comprehension Standard Score Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Reading Comprehension Standard Score (RC) Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 15yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Reading Comprehension Standard Score (RC) Age range: 17yrs 0mos - 19yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Passage Comprehension - Form A Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 23yrs 0mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Passage Comprehension - Form B Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 23yrs 0mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  3. Passage Comprehension - Form C Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 23yrs 0mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  4. Reading Comprehension - Form A Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 23yrs 0mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  5. Reading Comprehension - Form B Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 23yrs 0mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  6. Reading Comprehension - Form C Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 23yrs 0mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Reading Comprehension Cluster Standard Score - Form A Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 25yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Reading Comprehension Cluster Standard Score - Form B Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 25yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Reading Comprehension Cluster Standard Score - Form G Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 24yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Reading Comprehension Cluster Standard Score - Form H Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 24yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Reading Comprehension Standard Score - Form A Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Reading Comprehension Standard Score - Form B Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Reading Comprehension Standard Score - Form A Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Reading Comprehension Standard Score - Form B Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Fluency Standard Score - Form A Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 10, Std: 3
  2. Fluency Standard Score - Form B Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 10, Std: 3
  1. Fluency Standard Score - Form A Age range: 7yrs 0mos - 17yrs 11mos, Mean: 10, Std: 3
  2. Fluency Standard Score - Form B Age range: 7yrs 0mos - 17yrs 11mos, Mean: 10, Std: 3
  1. Reading Fluency Composite Standard Score - Form A Age range: 8yrs 0mos - 18yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Reading Fluency Composite Standard Score - Form B Age range: 8yrs 0mos - 18yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Reading Fluency - Form A Age range: 8yrs 0mos - 23yrs 0mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Reading Fluency - Form B Age range: 8yrs 0mos - 23yrs 0mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Fluency Standard Score Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 12yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Total Word Reading Efficiency Standard Score - Form A Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 16yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Total Word Reading Efficiency Standard Score - Form B Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 16yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Total Word Reading Efficiency Index Scaled Score Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 24yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Oral Reading Fluency Standard Score (ORF) Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 19yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Reading Fluency - Form A Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 23yrs 0mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Reading Fluency - Form B Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 23yrs 0mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  3. Reading Fluency - Form C Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 23yrs 0mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Oral Reading Fluency Test Standard Score - Form A Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 25yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Oral Reading Fluency Test Standard Score - Form B Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 25yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Writing Composite Quotient Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 14yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Written Language Composite Quotient Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 12yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Written Expression Standard Score - Form A Age range: 4yrs 6mos - 18yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Written Expression Standard Score - Form B Age range: 4yrs 6mos - 18yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  3. Written Language Composite Standard Score - Form A Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 18yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  4. Written Language Composite Standard Score - Form B Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 18yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Written Language - Form A Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 23yrs 0mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Written Language - Form B Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 23yrs 0mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Written Expression Standard Score Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 18yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Written Expression Age Standard Score - Form A Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 13yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Written Expression Age Standard Score - Form B Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 13yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Written Language Composite Standard Score - Level I Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 7yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Written Language Composite Standard Score - Level II Age range: 7yrs 0mos - 18yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Written Language Composite Score Age range: 12yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Writing Quotient Age range: 12yrs 0mos - 24yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Global Quotient - Form A Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 10yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Global Quotient - Form B Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 10yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Overall Writing Composite Index - Form A Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 11yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Overall Writing Composite Index - Form B Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 11yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Items Standard Score Age range: 7yrs 0mos - 13yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Contrived Writing Composite Index - Form A Age range: 9yrs 0mos - 17yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Contrived Writing Composite Index - Form B Age range: 9yrs 0mos - 17yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  3. Overall Writing Composite Index - Form A Age range: 9yrs 0mos - 17yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  4. Overall Writing Composite Index - Form B Age range: 9yrs 0mos - 17yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Contrived Writing Quotient - Form A Age range: 7yrs 0mos - 17yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Contrived Writing Quotient - Form B Age range: 7yrs 0mos - 17yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  3. Overall Writing Quotient - Form A Age range: 7yrs 0mos - 17yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  4. Overall Writing Quotient - Form B Age range: 7yrs 0mos - 17yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  5. Spontaneous Writing Quotient - Form A Age range: 7yrs 0mos - 17yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  6. Spontaneous Writing Quotient - Form B Age range: 7yrs 0mos - 17yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Written Expression Standard Score Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 19yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Written Language Composite Standard Score Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 19yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Written Expression Composite Standard Score Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 19yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Broad Written Language - Form A Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 23yrs 0mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Broad Written Language - Form B Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 23yrs 0mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  3. Broad Written Language - Form C Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 23yrs 0mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  4. Written Expression - Form A Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 23yrs 0mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  5. Written Expression - Form B Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 23yrs 0mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  6. Written Expression - Form C Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 23yrs 0mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  7. Written Language - Form A Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 23yrs 0mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  8. Written Language - Form B Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 23yrs 0mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  9. Written Language - Form C Age range: 5yrs 0mos - 23yrs 0mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Broad Written Language Standard Score - Form A Writing Samples (Test 11) scoring based on items 1- 6 (A) Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Broad Written Language Standard Score - Form A Writing Samples (Test 11) scoring based on items 1-12 (B) Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  3. Broad Written Language Standard Score - Form A Writing Samples (Test 11) scoring based on items 7-18 (C) Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  4. Broad Written Language Standard Score - Form A Writing Samples (Test 11) scoring based on items 13-24 (D) Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  5. Broad Written Language Standard Score - Form A Writing Samples (Test 11) scoring based on items 19-30 (E) Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  6. Broad Written Language Standard Score - Form B Writing Samples (Test 11) scoring based on items 1- 6 (A) Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  7. Broad Written Language Standard Score - Form B Writing Samples (Test 11) scoring based on items 1-12 (B) Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  8. Broad Written Language Standard Score - Form B Writing Samples (Test 11) scoring based on items 7-18 (C) Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  9. Broad Written Language Standard Score - Form B Writing Samples (Test 11) scoring based on items 13-24 (D) Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  10. Broad Written Language Standard Score - Form B Writing Samples (Test 11) scoring based on items 19-30 (E) Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  11. Written Expression Standard Score - Form A Writing Samples (Test 11) scoring based on items 1- 6 (A) Age range: 7yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  12. Written Expression Standard Score - Form A Writing Samples (Test 11) scoring based on items 1-12 (B) Age range: 7yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  13. Written Expression Standard Score - Form A Writing Samples (Test 11) scoring based on items 7-18 (C) Age range: 7yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  14. Written Expression Standard Score - Form A Writing Samples (Test 11) scoring based on items 13-24 (D) Age range: 7yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  15. Written Expression Standard Score - Form A Writing Samples (Test 11) scoring based on items 19-30 (E) Age range: 7yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  16. Written Expression Standard Score - Form B Writing Samples (Test 11) scoring based on items 1- 6 (A) Age range: 7yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  17. Written Expression Standard Score - Form B Writing Samples (Test 11) scoring based on items 1-12 (B) Age range: 7yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  18. Written Expression Standard Score - Form B Writing Samples (Test 11) scoring based on items 7-18 (C) Age range: 7yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  19. Written Expression Standard Score - Form B Writing Samples (Test 11) scoring based on items 13-24 (D) Age range: 7yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  20. Written Expression Standard Score - Form B Writing Samples (Test 11) scoring based on items 19-30 (E) Age range: 7yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Broad Written Language Standard Score - Form A - Writing Samples (Test 11) scoring based on items 1- 6 (A) Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  2. Broad Written Language Standard Score - Form A - Writing Samples (Test 11) scoring based on items 1-12 (B) Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  3. Broad Written Language Standard Score - Form A - Writing Samples (Test 11) scoring based on items 7-18 (C) Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  4. Broad Written Language Standard Score - Form A - Writing Samples (Test 11) scoring based on items 13-24 (D) Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  5. Broad Written Language Standard Score - Form A - Writing Samples (Test 11) scoring based on items 19-30 (E) Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  6. Broad Written Language Standard Score - Form B - Writing Samples (Test 11) scoring based on items 1- 6 (A) Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  7. Broad Written Language Standard Score - Form B - Writing Samples (Test 11) scoring based on items 1-12 (B) Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  8. Broad Written Language Standard Score - Form B - Writing Samples (Test 11) scoring based on items 7-18 (C) Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  9. Broad Written Language Standard Score - Form B - Writing Samples (Test 11) scoring based on items 13-24 (D) Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  10. Broad Written Language Standard Score - Form B - Writing Samples (Test 11) scoring based on items 19-30 (E) Age range: 6yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  11. Written Expression Standard Score - Form A - Writing Samples (Test 11) scoring based on items 1- 6 (A) Age range: 7yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  12. Written Expression Standard Score - Form A - Writing Samples (Test 11) scoring based on items 1-12 (B) Age range: 7yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  13. Written Expression Standard Score - Form A - Writing Samples (Test 11) scoring based on items 7-18 (C) Age range: 7yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  14. Written Expression Standard Score - Form A - Writing Samples (Test 11) scoring based on items 13-24 (D) Age range: 7yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  15. Written Expression Standard Score - Form A - Writing Samples (Test 11) scoring based on items 19-30 (E) Age range: 7yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  16. Written Expression Standard Score - Form B - Writing Samples (Test 11) scoring based on items 1- 6 (A) Age range: 7yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  17. Written Expression Standard Score - Form B - Writing Samples (Test 11) scoring based on items 1-12 (B) Age range: 7yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  18. Written Expression Standard Score - Form B - Writing Samples (Test 11) scoring based on items 7-18 (C) Age range: 7yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  19. Written Expression Standard Score - Form B - Writing Samples (Test 11) scoring based on items 13-24 (D) Age range: 7yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  20. Written Expression Standard Score - Form B - Writing Samples (Test 11) scoring based on items 19-30 (E) Age range: 7yrs 0mos - 22yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15
  1. Writing Standard Score (Quotient) Age range: 4yrs 0mos - 7yrs 11mos, Mean: 100, Std: 15

About Dr. RICHARD BAER Ph.D.


Dr. Baer's Bio

Dr. Baer received his Ph.D. in Psychology from Utah State University and has served as Director of Outreach, Development and Dissemination for the University Affiliated Center for Persons with Disabilities. Dr. Baer's major professional interests include behavior analysis, biofeedback, assistive technology, services for people with disabilities and assessment. For over 30 years he has worked with the LD Test Selection Committee to continually refine the Estimator software program that calculates the probability that the difference between intelligence and achievement scores represents a severe discrepancy. Dr. Baer serves on the boards of the Utah Assistive Technology Foundation and Learning Disabilities Association of Utah.

Dr. Baer's Recent Presentations

Baer, R. D. (2015). Assessment of learning disabilities: A comparison of models. Howell NJ: Monmouth County Association of Directors of Special Education. Download
Baer, R. D. (2014). Integrating Learning Disabilities Assessment Models to Best Serve Students. Washington DC: 2014 National Association of School Psychologists Annual Convention. Download
Baer, R.D. (2014). Comparison of models and some resources for learning disabilities assessment. Philadelphia PA: 2014 Council for Exceptional Children Annual Convention. Download
Baer, R..D. (2013). Learning disabilities assessment: Strengths and weaknesses of competing models. San Antonio TX: 2013 Council for Exceptional Children Annual Convention. Download

Dr. Baer's Recent Articles

Baer, R. D., Fast, P., Plant, P. Carlson, V., Griffin, M. Franco, F., Loveless, T. and Post, M. (2011). Resources for Utah special educators making learning disabilities qualification decisions. Logan UT: Effective Instructional Materials & Systems. Download
Baer, R. D. (2010). White paper:Why doesn't Estimator use grade-based or grade-equivalent scores? Salt Lake City, UT: Utah State Office of Education - Special Education Download
Baer, R. D. (2010). White paper: Why must tests be periodically restandardized? Salt Lake City UT: Utah State Office of Education – Special Education Download

contact THE ESTIMATOR TEAM


Interested in an account for Estimator? Have a question for Dr. Baer? Use the form below to contact the Estimator team. Please make sure to mention which school district (or company) you are associated with.